The Pistole Parabellum 1908 or Parabellum-Pistole (Pistol Parabellum)â€”popularly, but incorrectly, known as the Lugerâ€”is a toggle-locked recoil-operated semi-automatic pistol. The design was patented by Georg J. Luger in 1898 and produced by German arms manufacturer Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) starting in 1900; it was an evolution of the 1893 Hugo Borchardtâ€“designed C-93. The first Parabellum pistol was adopted by the Swiss army in May 1900. In German Army service, it was succeeded and partly replaced by the Walther P38 in caliber 9mm Parabellum.
The Luger is well known from its use by Germans during World War I and World War II, along with the interwar Weimar Republic and the post war East German Volkspolizei. Although the P.08 was introduced in 7.65mm Parabellum, it is notable for being the pistol for which the 9mmP (also incorrectly known as the 9mm Luger) cartridge was developed.
Captured Lugers were much prized by Allied soldiers during both of the World Wars as War Trophies and could sell for $100. However, German soldiers were aware of this and, during World War II, would use Lugers as "bait", rigging them to detonate land mines or hidden booby traps when disturbed. This was a common enough tactic that experienced Allied soldiers would be deeply suspicious of an apparently discarded Luger found lying on the ground.[
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Country of Origin: Germany
Caliber: 9mm (.35in)
Operation: Toggle-locked, short recoil
Weight: .96kg (2.125lbs)
Overall Length: 222mm (8.8in)
Barrel Length: 203mm (8in)
Muzzle Velocity: 351m/sec (1150ft/sec)
Feed / Magazine: 8- or 32-round magazine
Range: 80m (260ft) +